Depression Saskatoon - Depression is a condition of low mood that can have an effect on an individual's behaviour, thoughts, physical well being and feelings. It can cause aversion to activities that one previously enjoyed, as well as feelings of sadness, hopelessness, anxiety, guilt, emptiness, restlessness, and irritability.
Individuals who are experiencing depression might have trouble concentrating, making decisions or remembering details. Suffering these cognitive impairments could make situations more difficult to deal with at times. Unfortunately, some really depressed individuals could contemplate or even attempt suicide. Other indications could include excessive sleeping or insomnia, dramatic weight change, either gain or loss, digestive problems, fatigue, aches, pains, changes in sleep pattern and energy loss.
It is common for individuals to go through a depressed mood as a response to specific life events and also as a symptom to many medical conditions including Addison's disease and hypothyroidism. Depression is even a feature of various psychiatric syndromes. There are various illnesses which feature depression.
Mood disorders come from the category of disorders which are caused mainly by the disturbance of moods. Within this particular category, major depression or major depressive disorder, often referred to as MDD for short, also known as clinical depression, is when at least 2 someone goes through 2 weeks of loss of interest or a depressed mood or loss of pleasure in almost all daily activities.
Those individuals who are dealing with bipolar disorder might go through episodes of major depression. The state of chronic depressed mood is called Dysthymia. In Dysthymia, the symptoms do not meet the severity of a major depressive episode. Borderline personality disorder is another condition which is outside the mood disorders but where a chronic depressed mood is likewise a common feature. There are a number of psychiatric syndromes that feature depressed mood as the primary sign. Adjustment disorder with depressed mood is another mood disturbance which appears as a psychological response to an identifiable stressor or event. In this particular situation, the resulting emotional behavioural signs are significant, though they do not meet the criteria for a major depressive episode.
A depressed mood could be present within individuals for various reasons. They may be result of physiological problems or infectious sicknesses. For instance, mononucleosis or glandular fever is an example which may be caused by two separate viral infections. This particular condition usually results in signs that copy a depressive psychiatric disorder. usually, the depression is one of the first indications of hypothyroidism too, which is reduced activity of the thyroid. Numerous individuals coping with debilitating and chronic sicknesses or individuals who are on daily medications experience depressed mood too.
In some individuals, life events could begin depression. A dangerous feedback loop could lead the remembering of feelings and re-living events can lead to further depression. This could hinder the ability of the person to take initiative and solve problems. Psychology is usually a helpful option for people who are suffering from depression caused by life events.
Scientifically speaking, depression is attributed to changes in the neurotransmitters found within the brain which help the cells communicate. These substances are known as nor epinephrine, dopamine and serotonin. Various things could influence these neurotransmitters like for instance: physical illnesses, genetics, diet, hormonal changes, personality, aging, social circumstances, substance abuse, seasonal and light cycle changes, and medications.
Normally, a doctor of medicine would complete a full physical assessment, record the medical history of the patient and thoroughly evaluate the symptoms to help establish the cause of the depression, in order to complete an assessment. Certain standardized questionnaires comprising the Hamilton rating Scale for Depression and the beck Depression Inventory might be used.
To be able to cancel out any other signs or reasons, the physician would usually perform a medical exam and other investigations. Tests may consist of blood tests, that would measure the thyroxin and TSH levels in order to exclude hypothyroidism. Serum calcium and basic electrolytes are measured in order to insure there is no metabolic disturbance. A full blood count including ESR is taken in order to check for chronic disease or systemic infection. It is vital to likewise rule out adverse reactions to whatever alcohol misuse or medications. Testosterone levels could also be evaluated so as to check hypogonadism which is a condition known to cause depression in males.
In order to help distinguish depression from dementia, cognitive brain testing together with brain imaging is accessible. Subjective cognitive complaints might be able to indicate the onset of a dementia disorder like for example Alzheimer's disease. A CT scan may even be taken in order to exclude brain pathology in people with psychotic, rapid-onset or otherwise unusual indications.
Treatment differs from patient to patient and depends on the reason for the depression. There are many possible solutions available. At times it is difficult for the psychologists, psychiatrists and physicians to know which one is best suggested. It is important that depressed individuals obtain the help they need, either through cognitive behavioural therapy, counseling, or mediation in order to live their lives to their fullest potential.
Click to Download the pdf