Alternative Medicine Saskatoon - The levels of blood glucose refers to sugar or glucose present in the blood. The body maintains a typical range of blood glucose between 3.6 - 5.8 mM and likewise represented as mmol/L which literally translates to millimoles/liter. The range could likewise be measured as 64.8-104.4 mg/dL. As part of the metabolic homeostasis, the human body strongly regulates blood glucose levels.
The body's primary source of energy for its cells is glucose, whilst the blood lipids that are in the forms of oils and fats, provide a compact energy store. The bloodstream transports glucose from the intestines or liver to body cells. The hormone insulin makes the glucose accessible for cell absorption. Insulin is mostly produced within the body by the pancreas.
The standard normal level of blood glucose for human beings is around 4mM or 4mmol/L or 72 mg/dL, that translates to milligrams/decilitre. It is common for levels of blood glucose to fluctuate throughout the day. Generally, glucose levels are lowest in the morning before having breakfast. The reading is referred to often as "the fasting level." Levels typically rise following meals for a couple of hours. When blood sugar levels fall outside of the normal range, this could be a sign of a medical condition. When the level is persistently high, it is known as hyperglycemia and conversely, low levels are considered to be hypoglycaemia.
Constant hyperglycemia is the main hallmark of Diabetes mellitus. This is the most common illness linked to failure regulate blood sugar. Trauma, severe stress, myocardial infarction, illness, stroke or surgical treatment can likewise lead to temporarily elevated blood sugar levels. An initial surge in blood sugar can also happen due to alcohol intake, although later on it tends to cause levels to decline.
Hypoglycaemia develops if the levels of blood sugar decline too low. The condition can be potentially fatal. Some of the symptoms of hypoglycaemia include lethargy, impaired mental functioning, irritability, itching, shaking, and loss of consciousness, sweating, aggressive or paranoid mentality, and weakness in arm and leg muscles, pale complexion and perhaps even brain damage. Appetite is suppressed over the short term if levels remain too high. Amongst the long-term health conditions linked with diabetes can take place due to long-term hyperglycemia. Health issues can comprise heart disease, nerve damage, and kidney and eye damage.
Low Blood Sugar
The mechanisms which help to restore adequate glucose levels post hypoglycaemia should be quick and effective to be able to avoid very serious consequences of inadequate glucose. If not treated, hypoglycaemia can lead to unsteadiness, confusion and in the extreme, coma. It is much more dangerous to have too little amounts of glucose within the blood than too much, at least on a temporary basis.
The blood glucose-regulating mechanisms in healthy people are often somewhat efficient. Symptomatic hypoglycaemia is usually found only in those diabetics which use insulin or pharmacological treatment. The severity and swiftness of hypoglycaemic episodes could differ significantly between people. In severe instances, prompt medical assistance is immediately required due to the fact that brain damage and damage to tissues and probably even death can result from blood-glucose levels that are significantly low.
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